Mon, 1 Apr 1996 10:43:42 CST

Edmund Carpenter sometimes tells the story of trying to teach the Biami in
New Guinea to wink, suggesting that the ability to close one eye at a time
is associated with literacy. Indeed, the Kalingas of the North Luzon
Highlands, among whom I worked, did not generally wink and had great
difficulty learning to. I'm wondering whether these two incidents are
simply cultural artifacts or are indeed associated with non-literacy. Is
there anyone who has examples of non-literate people who do wink? Robert