Re: Nautical Ethnographies?

karl h schwerin (schwerin@UNM.EDU)
Mon, 7 Oct 1996 09:23:03 -0600

On Thu, 19 Sep 1996, Noreen Doyle wrote:

> My MA thesis focuses on certain "nautical issues" in pharaonic Egyptian
> iconography. To round out my studies, I am hoping to locate references
> regarding the use (or building) of lake/rivercraft or sea-going vessels in
> historic and modern times, particularly in (mainland) Asia and Africa and
> Eastern Europe. Could someone point me in the general direction of some
> relevant anthropological bibliographies?
> Many thanks!
> -- Noreen Doyle
> Graduate Student
> Nautical Archaeology Program, TAMU
> Member: INA, EES, ARCE, SFWA


Though generally unsympathetic to extreme diffusionist arguments, I did
write a short monograph arguing for early (ca. 7000 BP) contact between
West Africa and South America (Schwerin, Karl H. 1970. Winds across the
Atlantic. Mesoamerican Studies. University Museum, Research Records, No.
6. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University). The fun thing about
this was that it lead me to explore the possibilities of culture
contacts and ocean travel, not only across the Atlantic, but also the
Pacific and Indian Oceans as well. In the course of doing this, I
collected numerous references dealing with early watercraft, and travel
by water. Herewith the references I have:

Bailey, Jim. 1995. Sailing to paradise: The discovery of the Americas by
7000 B.C. New York: Simon & Schuster

Barnett, R.D. 1958. "Early Shipping in the Near East," Antiquity 32:220-230

Casson, Lionel. 1963. The Earliest Two-_Masted_ Ship," Archaeology
16(2):108-111 (Etruscan, ca. 500 B.C.)

Cowan, H.K.J. & Santiago Genoves. 1974. :"On 'Papyrus Rafts Across the
Atlantic'," Current Anthropology 15(3):332-333

Davies, Nigel. 1986. Voyagers to the New World. Albuquerque, NM: Univ.
of New Mexico Press

Digby, Adrian. 1954. "Boats and Ships," v. 1, pp. 730-743 in A History of
Technology, ed. by Charles Singer; et al. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press

Dodd, Edward. 1972. Polynesian seafaring. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co.

Genoves, Santiago. 1973. "Papyrus Rafts Across the Atlantic," Current
Anthropology 14(3):266-267

Greenhill, Basil. 1976. Archaeology of the boat. London: A. and C.
Black / Middletown, CT: Wesleyan Univ. Press

Harden, D.B. 1948. "The Phoenicians on the West Coast of Africa,"
Antiquity 22(87):141-150 (from 596-146 B.C., with emphasis on the
voyage of Hanno, ca. 525-500 B.C.)

Heyerdahl, Thor. 1952. "Aboriginal Navigation in Peru," Proceedings,
30th International Congress of Americanists, pp. 76-76. Cambridge

Heyerdahl, Thor. 1956. Archaeological evidence of pre-Spanish visits to
the Galapagos Islands. Memoir, no. 12. Salt Lake City, UT: Society for
American Archaeology
1990. 2nd ed. Oslo:

Heyerdahl, Thor. 1957. "Guara Navigation: Indigenous Sailing off the
Andean Coast," Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 13(2):134-143

Heyerdahl, Thor. 1963. "Feasible Ocean Routes to and from the Americas in
Pre-Columbian Times," American Antiquity 28:482-488

Heyerdahl, Thor. 1964. "Feasible Ocean Routes to and from the Americas
in Precolumbian Times," Actas y Memorias, 35th International Congress of
Americanists 1:133-142 Mexico (1962)

Heyerdahl, Thor. 1964. "Plant Evidence for Contacts with America Before
Columbus," Antiquity 38:120-133

Heyerdahl, Thor. 1971. The _Ra_ expeditions. Garden City, NY: Doubleday

Heyerdahl, Thor. 1978. Early man and the ocean: A search for the
beginning of navigation and seaborne civilizations. Garden City, NY:

Hornell, James. 1950. Fishing in many waters. Cambridge, ENG:
Cambridge Univ. Press

Hourani, George F. 1995. Arab seafaring in the Indian Ocean in ancient
and early medieval times. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press

Hui-Lin-Li, Mu-la n-P'i. 1961. "A Case for Pre-Columbian Transatlantic
Travel by Arab Ships," Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies 23. Cambridge,
MA: Harvard Yenching Institute

Ibarra Grasso, Dick Edgar y Julio A. Ibarra Grasso. 1949. Historia de
la navegacion primitiva. Buenos Aires: F. Livelari

Johnstone, Paul. 1980. The sea-craft of prehistory. ed. by Sean
McGrail. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press

Kirk, William. 1962. "The N.E. Monsoon and some Aspects of African
History," Journal of African History 3(2):263-267

Landstrom, Bjorn. 1971. Ships of the Pharaohs: 4,000 years of Egyptian
shipbuilding. London: George Allen & Unwin

McEwan, Gordon F. & D. Bruce Dickson. 1978. "Valdivia, Jomon Fishermen,
and the Nature of the North Pacific: Some Nautical Problems with Meggers,
Evans, and Estrada's (1965) Transoceanic Contact Thesis," American
Antiquity 43(3):362-371

Meggers, Betty J. & Clifford Evans. 1966. "A Transpacific Contact in
3000 B.C.," Scientific American 214(1):28-35 (Jan. 1966)

Megges, Betty J. 1975. "The Transpacific Origin of Mesoamerican
Civilization: A Preliminary Review of the Evidence and its Theoretical
Implications," American Anthropologist 77(1):1-27

Mertz, Henriette. 1975. Gods from the Far East: How the Chinese
discovered America. New York: Ballantine Books

Mueller, Carl (Carolus or Karl) (ed.). 1855-61. Geog. Graeci Minores.
2 vols., part of A.F. Didot's _Scriptorum Graecorum Bibliotheca._
Paris: [Brit. Mus. Gen. Cat. 1963:166:307; Antiquity 22:142, f.n. 5]
(voyage of Hanno, I:1+; Periplus of pseudo-Scylax, I:15+)

Oppenheim, A.L. 1954. "The Seafaring Merchants of Ur," Jl. of the
American Oriental Society 74:6-17

1980. The periplus of the Erythraean Sea.
(Agatharchides. Peri tes Erythras Thalasses). English ed. by George Wynn
Brereton Huntingford. Hakluyt Society editions, ser. 2, no. 151. London:
The Hakluyt Society (ancient geography, commerce and history of the
Indian Ocean region)

Prins, A.H.J. 1965. Sailing from Lamu. A study of maritime culture in
Islamic east Africa. Leiden, NED: Brill

Sastri, K.A. Nilakanta. 1959. "Ancient Indian Contacts with Western
Lands," Diogenes :40-62 (Oct.-Dec. 1959)

Shun-seng, Ling. 1955? Formosan sea-going rafts and its origin in
ancient China. Taipei, Taiwan:
1973. reprint, Cuadernos de Historia y Arqueologia.
Guayaquil, ECU:

Wolters, O.W. 1967. Early Indonesian commerce. Ithaca, NY: Cornell
Univ. Press

Karl Schwerin SnailMail: Dept. of Anthropology
Univ. of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM 87131

Much charitable endeavor is motivated by an unconscious
desire to peer into lives that one is glad to be unable
to share. . . . . Edward Sapir