Re: Andean Warfare sources?

karl h schwerin (schwerin@UNM.EDU)
Mon, 27 Nov 1995 09:51:52 -0700

On Mon, 13 Nov 1995, Nathan Keir Edel wrote:

> Hi, I'm new to the list, and an undergraduate taking a course on Andean
> Archaeology; I'm trying to put together my bibliography for a paper, and
> have not had much luck finding sources; does anyone know of any
> English-language papers, or better still compilations, on warfare in the
> Andes? I am particularly interested in the Inca period, but would
> appreciate any sources -- whether pre-Inca, or post-conquest.
> Also, does anyone know of a mailing list specifically on Andean studies?
> Thanks a lot,
> Nate Edel
> --
> * Nate Edel "He who controls the past, controls the future, and
> * Dartmouth '98 he who controls the present, controls the past"
> * - George Orwell, 1984

In response to your request, the classic sources on Inca and colonial
central Andes are:

Rowe, John Howland. 1946. Inca Culture at the Time of the Spanish
Conquest. Handbook of South American Indians 2:183-330. Bulletin 143.
vol. 2. Washington, DC: Bureau of American Ethnology (see pp. 274-282 on

Kirchhoff, Paul. 1949. "The Social and Political Organization of the
Andean Peoples," Handbook of South American Indians 5:293-311.
Bulletin 143, v. 5. Washington, DC: Bureau of American Ethnology (see
pp. 305-308, "Empire Organization and Conquest,"

Kubler, Geroge. 1946. "The Quechua in the Colonial World," Handbook of
South American Indians 2:331-410. Bull. 143, v. 2. Washington, DC:
Bureau of American Ethnology (see pp. 379-391 on "Warfare")

With respect to the Inca it is hard to separate state organization and
government administration from warfare, as warfare was a well-formulated
instrument of state policy that was used to expand the state, exploit
resources, and keep subject populations under control. Here are some
additional sources from my files:

Adorno, Rolena. 1988. Guaman Poma. Writing and resistance in colonial
Peru. Austin, TX: Univ. of Texas Press

Barra, Felipe de la. 1959. "Comprobaciones del Arte Militar Incaica y
Carcteristicas Principales," Rev. del Museo e Instituto Arqueologico
18:31-40. Cuzco: Univ. Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cuzco

Bauer, Brian S. 1993. The development of the Inca state. Austin, TX:
Univ. of Texas Press

Bram, Joseph. 1941. An analysis of Inca militarism. American
Ethnological Society Monograph 4. Seattle, WA: Univ. of Washington Press

Caillavet, C. 1985. "La adaptacion de la dominacion incaica a las
sociedades autoctonas de la frontera septentrional del Imperio:
(Territorio Otavalo-Ecuador)," Rev. Anmdina, Ano 3, No. 6

Conrad, G.W. & Arthur A. Demarest. 1983. Religion and empire. The
dynamics of Aztec and Inca expansion. London:

Donnan, Christopher B. 1988. "Unraveling the Mystery of the
Warrior-Priest. Iconography of the Moche," National Geographic
174(4):550-555 (Oct. 1988)

Espinoza Soriano, Waldemar. 1975. "Los Mitmas Huayacuntu en Quito o
Guarniciones para la Represion Armada, Siglos XV y XVI," Rev. del Museo
Nacional 41:351-394

Fisher, Lillian Estelle. 1966. The last Inca revolt, 1780-1783.
Norman, OK: Univ. of Oklahoma Press

Hemming, John. 1970. The conquest of the Incas. New York: Harcourt,
Brace, Jovanovich

Murra, John V. 1958. "On Inca Political Structure," pp. 30-41 in
Systems of Political Control and Bureaucracy in Human Societies, ed. by
Vern F. Ray. Seattle, WA: Univ. of Washington Press

Karl Schwerin SnailMail: Dept. of Anthropology
Univ. of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM 87131

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