Re: Definitions of culture

J Cook (0002019573@MCIMAIL.COM)
Thu, 8 Aug 1996 07:15:00 EST

-- [ From: Jesse S. Cook III * EMC.Ver #2.3 ] --

-------- REPLY, Original message follows --------

Date: Thursday, 08-Aug-96 02:58 AM

From: Danny Yee \ Internet: (
From: Danny Yee \ Internet: (
To: Multiple recipients of list ANTHRO-L \ Internet:

Subject: Re: Definitions of culture

> Nonhuman animals have beliefs?

Yep. Have a read of _How Monkeys See the World_ (Cheney and Seyfarth) for a
quite rigorous demonstration of this.

> >(4) adaptive, i.e. capable of change to match new circumstances

> Nonhuman animal adaptation is strictly genetic.

This is just trivially false. Non-genetic learning has been demonstrated in
nematode worms and bacteria, forget about bees and monkeys.


-------- REPLY, End of original message --------

Sorry, Danny. Adaptation and learning are not the same thing. Adaptation is
genetic and learning is not. There is no such thing as genetic learning, nor
is there any such thing as non-genetic adaptation.

Jesse S. Cook III