Re: Race, intelligence, and anti-racist prejudice (Was: Genetic Evolution)
Stephen Lajoie (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Wed, 22 Feb 1995 04:24:57 GMT
In article <octaviaD4C4un.email@example.com>,
Kaa Byington <firstname.lastname@example.org> wrote:
>David A. Johns (email@example.com) wrote:
>: In article <tlathropD3ws2z.Ku7@netcom.com> firstname.lastname@example.org (Tom Lathrop) writes:
>: # What I am trying to do is force you to retract the assertion that
>: # the different human populations have separated too recently for
>: # significant differences in intelligence to be possible, by
>: # pointing out that you haven't a clue as to how much time *would*
>: # be necessary, and that in fact there is good reason to think that
>: # the amount of time required would not be all that large. (Not
>: # that I actually expect you to retract anything, since I suspect
>: # that for you as for many others this is more a matter of religion
>: # than science).
>: I think I agree with you on this point, but not because of "speed of
>: evolution" arguments. According to the data presented in The Bell
>: Curve, the black bell curve is entirely contained within the
>: white/Asian bell curve, at its lower end. Whatever accounts for the
>: difference, there is no need to evoke evolution, since selective
>: pressures (if there could be such for stupidity) would only have had
>: to weed out the smarter members of the population. The situation
>: would thus be similar to breeds of dogs, where each breed simply
>: exhibits a subset of the total variation of the species.
>: But I think it's significant that American blacks are bunched at the
>: low end of the white/Asian range. If you want to play the natural
>: selection game, you have to ask how that might have happened. Was
>: stupidity selected for either in Africa or in the United States among
>: blacks? It seems hard to imagine how that might have occurred. Were
>: smart genes selected for all throughout Eurasia without similarly
>: affecting Africa? Not likely. Did a smart gene arise in Eurasia but
>: not filter back into Africa? How could that have happened, since
>: there was always contact between the populations?
>: On the other hand, environmental explanations seem much more
>: reasonable. There are (almost?) no external influences that can raise
>: a person's functioning above what we consider normal, but there are
>: many that can suppress it, either temporarily (alcohol, lack of sleep)
>: or permanently (poisoning, malnutrition, etc.).
>If I may butt in: it seems to me that there's no real definition of
>race, and no way to know if what you are measuring on any test is
>"intelligence." Garbage in, garbage out.
First, there is real racial distinctions. Even Time magazine admits this
when it points out that forensic scientist are able to determine race
from skull measurments alone.
Second, however the definition of Black and White is made, it yeilds real
Third, accept the definition of intelligence being what an IQ test
measures. Since significant corelations between economic status, crime,
teenage pregnancy, academic ability And IQ score have been shown to
exist, it is a useful measure.
>The Human GEnome Project is mapping the DNA base pairs in every gene in
>the human cell. There are 3 billion DNA base pairs. Each one contains a
>minute message to a certain type of cell, a trait, if you will. But even
>when they complete the mapping, they won't know what each base pair does.
>They've found a few, all of them because they cause hereditary diseases,
>like cystic fibrosis. But what they can do is line up individual A's DNA
>next to individual B's and tell you how many base pairs are different.
>(Watch OJ Simpson trial) There are hardly any differences between humans'
>DNA (in fact there's hardly any difference between humans and chimps) but,
>as the Newsweek article points out, if you pick two "blacks" at random and
>test their DNA, you will probably find that their genes have less in
>common that do the genes of one of them with that of a random "white"
You are under the mistaken impression that the only way we can tell if a
gene exist is if we map it on the genome. Not true.
>Newsweek also goes on to neatly explain that it all depends on what trait
>you pick. If blood type is an indicator of race, Germans and Papua New
>Guineans are the same race, as are Japanese and Estonians.
Newsweek is being stupid on purpose to suit their own PC agenda. Blood
type is one trait that can be used to help determine genetic distance.
However, it is not a good indicator by itself. One needs a whole genetic
Since Newsweek has apparently ignored this fact, it's obvious that they
are presenting a bias and incorrect view.
>As to what do IQ tests measure? How about ability to take tests? How
>about desire to excel in grades? SAT scores? Do they reflect the
>emphasis the high school puts on getting into college? Could the "Asian"
>high scores be due to the pressure to study from their families, and
>their relatively lower scores on language due to the fact that they are
>not allowed to play with other kids, but must go home and study?
It really doesn't matter what it measures, but what it's corelated with.
It has proven to be a significant data point in predicting many things.
>But, let's say that there is such a thing as "black" and "white" and
>let's say that IQ tests measure intelligence. I'd like to see somebody
>sometime correlate poverty level with IQ.
Humm. See page 134 of _The Bell Curve_. It's been done. If you are two
SD's below average, then you have a 25% probability of being in poverty.
2 SDs above, then the probability of being in poverty is 2%.
>Poor infant nutrition, lack of
>protein, causes actual damage to brain cells. Poor kids go to poor
>schools, miss more school days due to illness, have little incentive to
>learn. If the same proportion of poor "whites" as "blacks" was tested,
>I'll bet there would be no significant differences.
Actually, there was about 1 SD OR MORE (about 16 IQ points) between blacks
and whites of the same socioeconomic class. See page 288 of _The Bell
Curve_. You lose your bet.
>Lastly, I lived in a country where a large portion of the population was
>illiterate--poor peasants. As a result, they had to rely on memory for
>everything. They didn't know what a map or an ocean was, but you could
>read them a list of 50 items once, and they had it memorized. They were
>awesome. Intelligent? I dunno. You couldn't test them. They were
>classified as "Caucasian" by the way.
Steve La Joie