Re: Andean Warfare sources?
thomas fuller carter (tcfuller@UNM.EDU)
Thu, 30 Nov 1995 08:41:20 -0700
On Mon, 27 Nov 1995, karl h schwerin wrote:
> On Mon, 13 Nov 1995, Nathan Keir Edel wrote:
> > Hi, I'm new to the list, and an undergraduate taking a course on Andean
> > Archaeology; I'm trying to put together my bibliography for a paper, and
> > have not had much luck finding sources; does anyone know of any
> > English-language papers, or better still compilations, on warfare in the
> > Andes? I am particularly interested in the Inca period, but would
> > appreciate any sources -- whether pre-Inca, or post-conquest.
> > Also, does anyone know of a mailing list specifically on Andean studies?
> > Thanks a lot,
> > Nate Edel
> > --
> > * Nate Edel "He who controls the past, controls the future, and
> > * Dartmouth '98 he who controls the present, controls the past"
> > * email@example.com - George Orwell, 1984
> In response to your request, the classic sources on Inca and colonial
> central Andes are:
> Rowe, John Howland. 1946. Inca Culture at the Time of the Spanish
> Conquest. Handbook of South American Indians 2:183-330. Bulletin 143.
> vol. 2. Washington, DC: Bureau of American Ethnology (see pp. 274-282 on
> Kirchhoff, Paul. 1949. "The Social and Political Organization of the
> Andean Peoples," Handbook of South American Indians 5:293-311.
> Bulletin 143, v. 5. Washington, DC: Bureau of American Ethnology (see
> pp. 305-308, "Empire Organization and Conquest,"
> Kubler, Geroge. 1946. "The Quechua in the Colonial World," Handbook of
> South American Indians 2:331-410. Bull. 143, v. 2. Washington, DC:
> Bureau of American Ethnology (see pp. 379-391 on "Warfare")
> With respect to the Inca it is hard to separate state organization and
> government administration from warfare, as warfare was a well-formulated
> instrument of state policy that was used to expand the state, exploit
> resources, and keep subject populations under control. Here are some
> additional sources from my files:
> Adorno, Rolena. 1988. Guaman Poma. Writing and resistance in colonial
> Peru. Austin, TX: Univ. of Texas Press
> Barra, Felipe de la. 1959. "Comprobaciones del Arte Militar Incaica y
> Carcteristicas Principales," Rev. del Museo e Instituto Arqueologico
> 18:31-40. Cuzco: Univ. Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cuzco
> Bauer, Brian S. 1993. The development of the Inca state. Austin, TX:
> Univ. of Texas Press
> Bram, Joseph. 1941. An analysis of Inca militarism. American
> Ethnological Society Monograph 4. Seattle, WA: Univ. of Washington Press
> Caillavet, C. 1985. "La adaptacion de la dominacion incaica a las
> sociedades autoctonas de la frontera septentrional del Imperio:
> (Territorio Otavalo-Ecuador)," Rev. Anmdina, Ano 3, No. 6
> Conrad, G.W. & Arthur A. Demarest. 1983. Religion and empire. The
> dynamics of Aztec and Inca expansion. London:
> Donnan, Christopher B. 1988. "Unraveling the Mystery of the
> Warrior-Priest. Iconography of the Moche," National Geographic
> 174(4):550-555 (Oct. 1988)
> Espinoza Soriano, Waldemar. 1975. "Los Mitmas Huayacuntu en Quito o
> Guarniciones para la Represion Armada, Siglos XV y XVI," Rev. del Museo
> Nacional 41:351-394
> Fisher, Lillian Estelle. 1966. The last Inca revolt, 1780-1783.
> Norman, OK: Univ. of Oklahoma Press
> Hemming, John. 1970. The conquest of the Incas. New York: Harcourt,
> Brace, Jovanovich
> Murra, John V. 1958. "On Inca Political Structure," pp. 30-41 in
> Systems of Political Control and Bureaucracy in Human Societies, ed. by
> Vern F. Ray. Seattle, WA: Univ. of Washington Press
> Karl Schwerin SnailMail: Dept. of Anthropology
> Univ. of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM 87131
> e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
> Much charitable endeavor is motivated by an unconscious
> desire to peer into lives that one is glad to be unable
> to share. . . . . Edward Sapir
Those sources are excellent, but if you want an alternative account, i.e.
from the indigenous point of view, i suggest that you investigate Karen
Spalding's book Huarochiri. It is an account of the Spanish conquest and
subsequent occupation from the Incan, I think (it has been a couple of
yeaers since I read it), point of view.